A chart of sign language writing digits

These handshape primes found in ASL (American Sign Language) are the smallest units of language (ASL). This set of handshape primes is called "handshape paramater".

A single ASL word/sign is made up of these five parameters: handshape, movement, location, palm orientation, and non-manual marker. Each parameter has a number of primes. E.g. there are over 45 handshape primes.

ASL handshape chart

The sign language handshape chart is organized into categories from "O" to "10" using the Handspeak categorization system invented by Jolanta Lapiak. Each handshape prime contains digits from ASLwrite. The digits are continually experimented and evolved in the ASLwrite community.

Right-handed

Those digits (regardless of the palm orientation in photographs only for the purpose of illustration) are based on the right-handed from the signer's perspective. For left-handed, simply flip the digits horizontally.

digits
ASLwrite
Notes
handshape digit
Gloss: 0-o
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015. Uncommon usage. Flat-0 usually used.
handshape digit
Discontinued (2015).
handshape digit
Gloss: 0-oval
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015. Adopted.
handshape digit
Discontinued (2015).
handshape digit
Gloss: 0-flat
handshape digit
handshape digit handshape digit handshape digit
Experiments, 2015.
handshape digit
Gloss: 1-num
handshape digit
Palm out.
handshape digit
Palm in.
Adopted from origin.
handshape digit
Gloss: 1-claw
handshape digit
Gloss: 1-claw2
handshape digit
handshape digit
Variation.
.
handshape digit
Gloss: 1-d
handshape digit
Right-handed.
handshape digit
Right-handed.
handshape digit
Left-handed.
handshape digit
Gloss: 1-baby-d
handshape digit
handshape digit
Experimented, 2015.
handshape digit
1-inverse
handshape digit
Adopted. No changes since.
handshape digit
Gloss: 2-num
handshape digit
handshape digit
2-claw
handshape digit
handshape digit
Variation.
.
handshape digit
2-close or 2-u
handshape digit ASL digit 2-U
.
handshape digit
2-h
handshape digit handshape digit
.
handshape digit
2-cross
handshape digit
Adopted from origin.
handshape digit
Gloss: 2-bend
.
handshape digit
3-num, palm in.
handshape digit
3-num, palm out.
handshape digit 3-num
handshape digit
Palm out.
.
handshape digit
3-claw
handshape digit ASL digit 3-claw
handshape digit
Experiments, 2017.
Palm out.
3-close
handshape digit
Adopted since origin.
.
handshape digit
Gloss: 3-g
handshape digit 3-no
handshape digithandshape digithandshape digit
Experimented in 2015.
handshape digit
3-g, closed. Or, 3-flat.
handshape digit 3-no
handshape digit
Discontinued, 2015.
handshape digit
Experimented, 2015.
handshape digit
3-bend
handshape digit handshape digit 3-bend
Print vs cursive?
handshape digit
3-inverse
handshape digit
handshape digit
3-k
handshape digit
.
handshape digit
3-p
handshape digit 3-P
.
handshape digit
3-r
handshape digit
Adopted.
handshape digit
4-num, palm in
handshape digit
Palm out
ASL digit 4-num palm in
Palm in
handshape digit
4-close
handshape digithandshape digit
Palm out
handshape digit
Palm in
handshape digit
Experimented 2017, palm out.
handshape digit
4-claw
handshape digit
Palm out
ASL digit 4-claw
Palm in. Experimented, 2020.
handshape digit
4-bend
handshape digit
handshape digit
5-num, palm out
handshape digit
5-num, palm in
handshape digit
Palm out
handshape digit
Palm in
handshape digit
5-close, palm out
handshape digit
5-close, palm in

ASL digit 5-close palm in
Palm out
ASL digit 5-close palm in
Palm in
.
handshape digit
5-c
handshape digit
Adopted.
handshape digit
Experiments, 2015.
handshape digit
Discontinued, 2015.
handshape digit handshape digit
5-claw
handshape digit
handshape digit
Variation.
handshape digit
5-half
handshape digit handshape digit
.
handshape digit
5-bend
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015. Adopted.
.
handshape digit
5-g
handshape digit
Adopted.
handshape digit
Experiments, 2015.

5-split
handshape digit
palm out
handshape digit
palm in
.
handshape digit
6-num
handshape digit
Palm out
handshape digit
Palm in
.
handshape digit
6-claw
handshape digit
6-claw
.
handshape digit
6-inverse (y)
handshape digit
Palm out
handshape digit
Palm in
.
handshape digit
7-num
handshape digithandshape digit
Digits not yet official?
.
handshape digit
7-8
handshape digit
.
handshape digit
7-8 o
.
handshape digit
7-8 ILY
handshape digit
handshape digit
7-open
handshape digit
handshape digit
8-num
handshape digit
.
handshape digit
8-inverse
handshape digit
.
Fingerspelling A
8-open
Fingerspelling A
.

9-num Fingerspelling A
Fingerspelling A Fingerspelling A
.

9-open handshape digit
.
.

10-thumb handshape digit
handshape digit
Horizontal orientation.
handshape digit
Upright, palm in.
.
handshape digit
10-a
handshape digit
.
handshape digit
10-s
handshape digit
handshape digit
.
handshape digit
10-t (eu)
handshape digithandshape digit
.
handshape digit
10-t
ASL digit
Variation. Experimented, 2015.
handshape digit
Experimented, 2015.
handshape digit
10-n
handshape digit
ASL digit
Variation.
handshape digit
Experiment, 2015.
handshape digit
10-m
handshape digit
ASL digit
Variation.
handshape digit
Experimented, 2015.
handshape digit
10-e, palm in
ASL digit
Palm out
handshape digit
Palm out, in.
ASL digit
Variation, palm out
handshape digit handshape digit
Experimented in 2015.
handshape digit
Gloss: 0-baby
ASL digit
Adopted in 2015
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015
handshape digit
Discontinued in 2015, now referrred to C.
handshape digit
Gloss: 20-babyc
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015. Now adopted.
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015.
handshape digit
Discontinued, 2015. Relegated to C.
handshape digit
0-babyflat
handshape digit
Experiented in 2015. Adopted.
handshape digit
Experiments, 2015.
handshape digit
Gloss: 20-g
handshape digit
Experimented in 2015. Now adopted.
handshape digit
Discontinued, 2015. Relegated to 5-g.
handshape digit handshape digit
Experimented in 2015.
[image]
handshape digit
1-bend L
handshape digit
20-L
handshape digit
Adopted since origin.
.