Vocabulary review for:

ONE in sign language

One evokes a dot in 3-dimensional graphic, the first, the beginning, a single, ...

ASL signs for 'one'

"What is the numeral sign for 'one' in American Sign Language?" And how to use two versions of the palm orientation.

Meaning: The lowest cardinal number; half of two; the numeral symbol of 1.

Pronunciation (sign description): Dominant index finger or forefinger is upright while the rest of the fingers and thumb are closed. For a cardinal number, the orientation of palm faces the signer. This handshape is glossed as "1".

Usage examples: "one thing", "have one book", "only one".

Unlike the cardinal numbers between one and five, the palm orientation is outward for age, time, phone number, address, and a few others.

Usage examples in ASL glossed as "AGE+ONE" ("one year old" in English), TIME+ONE ("one o'clock" or other variations).

"1" handshape

The "1" handshape seems to be prominent in American Sign Language of the Deaf people. It's found in such as pronouns, some determiners, and gestural pointing.

Nothing relating to the number 'one', the "1" handshape is one of few unmarked handshapes. As ASL has over 50 handshapes, only about 7 of them are unmarked, which mean, in the shortest explanation, "natural".

The "1" handshape is one of few first handshapes emerging in language acquisition (particularly phonological acquisition) under age 2 or 24 months.

English in spoken version has about 40-44 phonemes, whereas ASL has 50+ handshapes. During the first 24 months of language acquisition from birth, a few phonemes no more than 10, such as "n", "p", "b", and few others emerge in language during the first 2 years. In ASL, similarly, no more than 10 handshape primes, only a few handshapes emerge during the first 24 months. After than, more phonemes and primes respectively increase up to 8 years.

Signed and spoken languages, even though contrast in modalities (visual-spatial vs aural-vocal) and completely different languages, both parallel in how brain works in language acquisition, language development milestones, and such. Baby sign language is harmful cultural appropriation with common misconceptions about the nature of language; "baby sign language" is no more illusion than "baby speech language".

"One" around the world

As signed languages are not a universal language, they all are incomprehensible to one another. Although, very few ones are in common, such as the number one.

In Australian Sign Language also known as Auslan, the numeral sign for 'one' is the same as ASL, but for "six", thumb is involved as the re-start of counting toward ten.

In Japanese Sign Language and many other signed languages, the number "one" uses the "1" handshape (with a different rule for palm orientation found in ASL).

In North America, the ASL word 'one' uses a forefinger, while most signed languages in Europe, the thumb is a common handshape for the word "one", as found in French Sign Language (LSF), German Sign Language, Polish Sign Language (PSL), and others.

In contrast to other signed languages in Europe, the handshape for number one in BSL (British Sign Language) is the same as ASL. Though, the manual alphabets in ASL and BSL are completely different.

A culturally competent person can easily distinguish this signed word from the "thumb-up" gesture.

Review 101 words. Refresher.

  1. about
  2. after
  3. again
  4. age
  5. alone
  6. always
  7. and
  8. animal
  9. answer
  10. ask
  11. ask away
  12. ASL - American Sign Language
  13. bad
  14. bathroom, washroom
  15. beard
  16. beautiful
  17. before
  18. begin
  19. big
  20. black
  21. blue
  22. book
  23. born
  24. both
  25. boy
  26. brother
  27. brown
  28. bunch
  29. but
  30. buy
  31. bye-bye, so-long
  32. can
  33. car
  34. cat
  35. chair
  36. change
  37. child, children
  38. city
  39. class
  40. clear
  41. cloth, garment
  42. coffee
  43. cold
  44. college
  45. color
  46. come
  47. copy
  48. correct
  49. count
  50. country
  51. cup
  52. dance
  53. day to day, day after day
  54. dead, death
  55. deaf
  56. different
  57. dog
  58. done
  59. door
  60. drawing
  61. dress
  62. drink
  63. duty
  64. easy
  65. eight (8)
  66. eighteen (18)
  67. eleven
  68. English
  69. enjoy
  70. everyday
  71. example
  72. excited
  73. eyeglasses
  74. fall in love
  75. family
  76. fast
  77. father
  78. few
  79. fifteen (15)
  80. find
  81. fine
  82. fingerspell
  83. finish
  84. fish
  85. fishing
  86. five (5)
  87. floor
  88. follow
  89. food
  90. for
  91. forget
  92. four
  93. fourteen
  94. French
  95. Friday
  96. friend
  97. from
  98. game
  99. Germany
  100. get
  101. girl
  102. give
  103. go
  104. good
  105. goodbye
  106. grandfather
  107. grandmother
  108. gray, grey
  109. green
  110. group
  111. grow
  112. hair
  113. happy
  114. hard
  115. hard of hearing
  116. hat
  117. have
  118. he
  119. hearing
  120. hello
  121. help
  122. hide
  123. high
  124. high school
  125. holiday
  126. home
  127. homework
  128. hot
  129. hour
  130. house
  131. how
  132. how much
  133. idea
  134. if
  135. Internet
  136. jacket
  137. jot
  138. jump
  139. keep
  140. know
  141. language
  142. last
  143. late
  144. later
  145. learn
  146. left-handed
  147. letter
  148. like (feeling)
  149. like (similar)
  150. little
  151. live
  152. long
  153. look
  154. look at
  155. look for
  156. look like
  157. lose, be defeated
  158. lose, loss
  159. love
  160. love it
  161. low
  162. make
  163. man
  164. many
  165. maybe
  166. mean, meaning
  167. meet
  168. midweek
  169. milk
  170. minus
  171. minute
  172. money
  173. month
  174. more
  175. morning
  176. most
  177. mother
  178. move
  179. movie
  180. much
  181. must
  182. my
  183. name
  184. near
  185. need
  186. never
  187. new
  188. next
  189. night
  190. nine (9)
  191. no
  192. not
  193. nothing
  194. now
  195. number
  196. office
  197. offspring
  198. often
  199. ok, okay
  200. old
  201. on
  202. one
  203. open
  204. opposite
  205. orange
  206. other
  207. overnight
  208. pants, trousers, slacks
  209. paper
  210. parent
  211. pay attention
  212. pen
  213. people
  214. person
  215. picture
  216. pink
  217. pizza
  218. play
  219. please
  220. pointless
  221. pop
  222. practice
  223. pretty
  224. purple
  225. question
  226. rabbit
  227. read
  228. ready
  229. receive
  230. receptive
  231. red
  232. remember
  233. right
  234. room
  235. roommate, roomie
  236. Sabbath
  237. same
  238. Saturday
  239. say
  240. scheme
  241. school
  242. see
  243. sentence
  244. seven (7)
  245. seventeen
  246. shape
  247. she
  248. shirt
  249. shoe
  250. should
  251. show
  252. sick
  253. sign language
  254. sign, signed word
  255. since
  256. sister
  257. sit
  258. six (6)
  259. sixteen (16)
  260. slow
  261. small
  262. some
  263. sometimes
  264. soon
  265. sorry
  266. Spanish
  267. stand
  268. start
  269. stay
  270. still
  271. stop
  272. store
  273. story
  274. student
  275. study
  276. subtitle
  277. subtract
  278. success, successful
  279. sun
  280. Sunday
  281. sure
  282. table
  283. take
  284. talk
  285. tea
  286. teach
  287. teacher
  288. team
  289. tell
  290. ten
  291. test
  292. thank, thank you
  293. that
  294. their
  295. they
  296. think
  297. thirteen (13)
  298. three
  299. throw
  300. tired
  301. today
  302. tomorrow
  303. too
  304. travel
  305. try
  306. Tuesday
  307. twelve (12)
  308. two
  309. understand
  310. university
  311. use
  312. vacation
  313. very
  314. visit
  315. voice
  316. wait
  317. walk
  318. want
  319. warm
  320. watch
  321. water
  322. wedding
  323. Wednesday
  324. week
  325. weekday
  326. what
  327. when
  328. where
  329. which
  330. white
  331. who
  332. why
  333. will
  334. win
  335. window
  336. with
  337. woman
  338. word
  339. work
  340. write
  341. write down
  342. writing
  343. wrong
  344. yellow
  345. yes
  346. yesterday
  347. you
  348. your