Definition: used to refer to a person, object, idea, etc. that is separated from the speaker by space or time; used to refer to something that has been mentioned or was involved earlier, or to something that is already known about.
Pronunciation (production): Dominant "Y" (handshape), palm generally down (orientation), in space (location), moves downward (movement).
Grammar: The THAT sign may be inflected with the subject-determiner agreement.
Pronunciation (production): Dominant "Y" (handshape), palm generally down (orientation), moves downward (movement) onto the non-dominant flat-B with palm up (location).
Formal citation; the passive palm in this ASL sign is not frequently used, usually signing THAT without the passive hand. Signing THAT with the passive palm may be used in some circumstances. E.g. "IX-he TOLD ME THAT [emphasis]..." Or, "THAT's WHY".
Meaning: that (determiner).
This signed determiner "that" can be a general locative or a locative-specific agreement in a sentence.
In English, there are two determiners: "this" and "that" depending on the referents in a sentence. But, the determiner in ASL is locative specific to a referent.
The gloss for this sign is usually noted as "THAT-ONE". Literally, it's THAT-IX. A link to the post explaining this usage and complex explanation will be added shortly.
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[Note: ASL writing is not an official standard. This sign language writing remains in a state of open space to allow room for experiment, evolution, and improvement.]
Search/Filter: Enter a keyword in the filter/search box to see a list of available words with the "All" selection. Click on the page number if needed. Click on the blue link to look up the word. For best result, enter a partial word to see variations of the word.
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For best result, enter a short word in the search box, then select the alphetical letter (and page number if needed), and click on the blue link.
Don't forget to click "All" back when you search another word with a different initial letter.
If you cannot find (perhaps overlook) a word but you can still see a list of links, then keep looking until the links disappear! Sharpening your eye or maybe refine your alphabetical index skill. :)
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Grammar: ASL has its own grammar and structure in sentences that works differently from English. For plurals, verb inflections, word order, etc., learn grammar in the "ASL Learn" section. For search in the dictionary, use the present-time verbs and base words. If you look for "said", look up the word "say". Likewise, if you look for an adjective word, try the noun or vice versa. E.g. The ASL signs for French and France are the same. If you look for a plural word, use a singular word.
Inflection: Many ASL words, especially verbs, in the dictionary are a "base"; be aware that many of them are grammatically inflectable within ASL sentences. Some entries have sentence examples.
Variation: Some ASL signs have regional (and generational) variations across North America. Some common variations are included as much as possible, but for specifically local variations, interact with your local community to learn their local variations.
Contextual meaning: Some ASL signs in the dictionary may not mean the same in different contexts and/or ASL sentences. You will see some examples in video sentences.
ASL is very much alive and indefinitely constructable as any spoken language. The best way to use ASL right is to immerse in daily language interactions and conversations with Deaf/Ameslan people (or ASLians).