G in sign language
Just as sign languages are not a universal language, there are different manual alphabets throughout the world. The sign language alphabets are used for fingerspelling spoken/written "foreign" words of a spoken language as well as people's names, brand names, and such that don't have the signs.
G in ASL alphabet
Here is the letter G the American manual alphabet used in American Sign Language (ASL) used by Deaf people in North America.
Definition: The seventh letter of the alphabet in English and American Sign Language, a consonant.
Pronunciation (sign description): Dominant forefinger and thumb protrude while the other fingers are closed with the palm facing either left if right-handed or facing in.
Learner tip: Don't confuse the letter G with the letter "Q" which has a different orientation in which its palm faces down.
When fingerspelling the double letters of G, use the bounce method. E.g. fs-PEGGY.
Especially for beginners, make sure not to bounce every letter when fingerspelling, except for some double letters.
When fingerspelling a word with the "G" letter in it, co-articulation may affect the horizontal orientation of the "G" handshape, which means what comes before and after each letter affects one another, not relating to variations.
For example, if you capture a video of some fingerspelled words that have the letter G, you will find variants of horizontal orientation of the letter G which its palm faces outward or left if right-handed.
When a native signer fingerspells the ABCs, the letter G likely would face outward. Or, when fingerspelling "fig", the palm of letter G can either face left (if right-handed) or outward.
Baby signing G
In a case study of baby Juli, the "baby O" (or "20") emerged at 13 months, in which she used it in ASL words with the handshape error such as EYEGLASSES, COW, EAT, WATER, etc. But, the "G" formed at a later time (to be updated with data later).
Children develop at different pace; however, language milestones are consistent within time frames, regardless of signed or spoken languages.
Vocabulary activity with "G" and "20"
Can you come up with as many ASL signs that starts with the "fixed" handshape "G" as possible? For example, GREEN.
Then, list as many as you can with the handshape "20" -- i.e. open/closed forefinger and thumb of "20". For example, BIRD.
Remember the handshape is based on the dominant hand only, regardless the signs are one-handed or two-handed.
GREECE (ASL origin), GRAMMAR, THIN (variation)...
TWENTY, CHICKEN (same as BIRD with a slightly different mouth), PRINTER, PUBLISH/PRINT, GALLAUDET, WINK, PUTIN, GOSSIP...
Other manual alphabets
This is the G letter in the two-handed British manual alphabet used by Deaf people in British Sign Language (BSL) in the U.K., Australian Sign Language (Auslan) in Australia, and New Zealand Sign Language, as it implies, in New Zealand.
In the BSL alphabet for the letter G, the bottom of dominant "S" rests on the top of non-dominant "S", where the pinkie of the dominant fist hand is in contact with the forefinger of non-dominant fist.
As Old ASL in the eastern United States is descended from Old French Sign Language (Old LSF), these sign languages in the modern time are very different languages, yet both share the similar manual alphabet.
[Note: ASL writing is not an official standard. This sign language writing remains in a state of open space to allow room for experiment, evolution, and improvement.]
Written ASL digit for the alphabetical letter G. [Contributed by ASLwrite, 2019]