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THOUGH in sign language
How to sign "though" in American Sign Language (ASL)? First, let's look at the English meaning for "though".
What is the difference between "although" and "though" in English?
1) In general, although and though as conjunctions are interchangeable, which mean "in the spite of". 2) Though can also function as an adverb meaning however or nevertheless, but it cannot be used interchangeably with "although".
However, they don't always translate equally into ASL signs/words. What makes sense in English doesn't necessarily make sense in ASL or vice versa. What can be interchangeable in ASL is not necessarily the same in English or vice versa.
ASL signs for "though"
Which one of ASL signs to use depends on the contexts or meanings in ASL sentences, regardless of the English words used in sentences. The ASL signs can be interchangeable in some sentences, but not in others.
Meaning: Despite the fact that; although.
For the sake of gloss writing, the gloss "NO-MATTER" will be used for this ASL sign/word as this sign has multiple usages and meanings. In real time, meanings depend on the tone of this signword -- it can mean "although", "though", or "doesn't matter". Remember a gloss is never a translation, just identify the signword in writing (unless you know ASL writing which would be ideal and accurate).
Usage examples: "He still argues, though he knows he's wrong", "Although I didn't win, I enjoyed participating in the competition".
English: "They hugged even though (
although) they just had a big fight". ASL roughly glossed as: "TWO-they HUG+ NO-MATTER RECENT TWO-they FIGHT-var".
Meaning: however; with the understand that; on the precondition that.
Usage or context examples: "We supplied the order, with the understanding that it would be paid within 7 days".
Meaning: however, but.
Usage or context examples: "He just ordered a pizza. His mother had cooked, though". ASL roughly glossed as: "RECENTLY IX1 ORDER fs-PIZZA, BUT POSS1 MOTHER ALREADY COOK, intej-[unglossable]".
More example: "We had packed food for everyone; it was not enough though". ASL roughly glossed as: (WE) ALREADY PACK++ FOOD FOR ALL-everyone, BUT STILL NOT ENOUGH (FOOD)".
Variations in ASL
Here are a few more examples in ASL that may be different in English or vice versa.
English: "It takes a long time to complete. It's worth it, though (
although)". ASL glossed as: "...LONG TIME BUT WORTH+fs-IT", also "...LOOONG COMPLETE BUT NO-MATTER WORTH+fs-IT".
English "I can't play the piano, although I took lessons for years". ASL roughly glossed as: "IX-me CANNOT PLAY-piano fs-EVEN NO-MATTER IX-me FINISH TAKE++ CLASS MANY YEAR-stress". Notice the word "EVEN" added along with "NO-MATTER"; without it, "NO-MATTER" alone doesn't fit exactly right. Another possible variation is "IMAGINE! MANY YEAR IX-me TAKE++ PIANO CLASS; NOW/\ IX-me CANNOT PLAY PIANO".
The next examples of ASL sentences have no "though" signwords; though, it's used in English.
English: "He wore a coat, even though it was a very hot day". ASL: "BEFORE, IX1 USE COAT /\fs-EVEN/\ !HOT! OUTSIDE".
English: "Though he hadn't stopped working all day, he wasn't tired". ASL: "IX1 NOT-YET STOP WORK++ ALL-DAY, conj-STAY-ma IX1 NOT TIRED".
Related signs: EVEN THOUGH, ALTHOUGH, EVEN IF, HOWEVER, NEVERTHELESS.
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