Manual alphabet is used to fingerspell a series of alphabetical letters to form a spoken/written word of another language. Fingerspelling is used when an Ameslan refers to an English or a foreign word. For example, a person's name, a word of another spoken/written language, etc.
There are different manual alphabets around the world. Some countries have similar manual alphabets with a few modifications, borrowing an alphabet from one another, but their signed languages remain distinct.
You can download the poster (pdf) of American Manual Alphabet.
Groode. Joyce Linden. Fingerspelling: Expressive and Receptive Fluency DVD. San Diego: DawnSignPress. 1992.
Patrie, Carol J. PhD. Fingerspelled Names and Introductions: a template building approach. (including DVD).
For research studies on fingerspelling, see Dr. Arlene Blumenthal Kelly's work.
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