Sign language handshape chart

These handshape primes found in ASL (American Sign Language) are the smallest units of language (ASL). This set of handshape primes is called "handshape paramater".

A single ASL word/sign is made up of these five parameters: handshape, movement, location, palm orientation, and non-manual marker. Each parameter has a number of primes. E.g. there are over 45 handshape primes.

ASL handshape chart

The system of the sign language handshape chart below was developed by Jolanta Lapiak in 2013 or earlier. The system is organized into categories from "O" to "10" and 20. The "20" handshapes was originally categorized under "0" till 2015. Each handshape prime has a few examples of the ASL signs that contain the handshape.

0-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
opinion
nothing

0-flat

ASL / sign language handshape chart
teach

0-e

ASL / sign language handshape chart

1-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
for
think

1-claw

ASL / sign language handshape chart
recently
suspicious

1-claw2

ASL / sign language handshape chart
apple
key

1-d

ASL / sign language handshape chart
dating

1-bend

ASL / sign language handshape chart

1-inverse

ASL / sign language handshape chart

2-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
see

2-bend

ASL / sign language handshape chart

2-claw

ASL / sign language handshape chart
doubt
gum

2-close

ASL / sign language handshape chart
uncle

2-cross

ASL / sign language handshape chart
rocket
realize

3-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
lousy
awkward

3-claw

ASL / sign language handshape chart
bug
mischievous

3-bend

ASL / sign language handshape chart
ha-ha

3-flat

ASL / sign language handshape chart
no
duck

3-inverse

ASL / sign language handshape chart

3-k

ASL / sign language handshape chart

3-p

ASL / sign language handshape chart

4-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
leak

4-close

ASL / sign language handshape chart
beer
KNOW-THAT

4-claw

ASL / sign language handshape chart
rake

4-bend

ASL / sign language handshape chart
GOOD-RIDDANCE

5-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
mother+father

5-close


school

5-claw

ASL / sign language handshape chart
SO-MAD

5-half

ASL / sign language handshape chart
video-recording

5-bend

ASL / sign language handshape chart
seem
sweet
tired

5-c

ASL / sign language handshape chart
look-for

6-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
wine

6-claw

ASL / sign language handshape chart
weird

6-inverse (y)

ASL / sign language handshape chart
forever

7-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
nerd

7-8

ASL / sign language handshape chart
hippopotamus

7-open

ASL / sign language handshape chart

8-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
silver
melon

8-inverse

ASL / sign language handshape chart
enmity

8-open

Fingerspelling A
advantage
touch

9-num

Fingerspelling A
fruit

9-open

ASL / sign language handshape chart

10-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart
girl
sports

10-a

ASL / sign language handshape chart
attitude

10-s

ASL / sign language handshape chart
bicycle

10-t

ASL / sign language handshape chart

10-t (eu)

ASL / sign language handshape chart

10-n

ASL / sign language handshape chart

10-m

ASL / sign language handshape chart

20-num

ASL / sign language handshape chart

20-o

ASL / sign language handshape chart
EAR-RING

20-c

ASL / sign language handshape chart

20-g

ASL / sign language handshape chart
nut (as in pea-brained)

20-l

ASL / sign language handshape chart