Cochlear implants in deaf children: resources

not my choice
Image source: Elizabeth Morris, 1995.

Implanting deaf children with cochlear implants has been a long-time battle between medical community and a lingual-cultural community (that is, Deaf community and hearing allies).

"CIs are just one more iteration in the centuries long effort on the part of hearing people to 'fix' deafness. There is nothing new about that at all, it's just this particular technology is new." -- Laura Mauldin.

Links on this website: Cochlear implants: not our choice.

Resources

MSM Productions. "Cochlear War: The battle between deaf pro-implant and Deaf community advocates." www.coclearwar.com

Christiansen, John B. et al. (2002) Cochlear implants in children: ethics and choices. Washingtdon, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press.

Gale, Elaine. (2011) "Exploring Perspectives on Cochlear Implants and Language Acquisition Within the Deaf Community." Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education 16, No 1 : 121-139.

Paludnevicience, Raylene, et al. (2002) Cochlear implants: evolving perspectives. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press.

Wheeler, Alexandra, et al. (2007) "Cochlear implants: The Young People's Perspective." Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education 12, No. 3: 303-316.

Cochlear implants (CI) are the most successful intervention for ameliorating hearing loss in severely or profoundly deaf children. Despite this, educational performance in children with CI continues to lag behind their hearing peers. From animal models and human neuroimaging studies it has been proposed the integrative functions of auditory cortex are compromised by crossmodal plasticity. This has been argued to result partly from the use of a visual language. Here we argue that ‘cochlear implant sensitive periods’ comprise both auditory and language sensitive periods, and thus cannot be fully described with animal models. Despite prevailing assumptions, there is no evidence to link the use of a visual language to poorer CI outcome. Crossmodal reorganisation of auditory cortex occurs regardless of compensatory strategies, such as sign language, used by the deaf person. In contrast, language deprivation during early sensitive periods has been repeatedly linked to poor language outcomes. Language sensitive periods have largely been ignored when considering variation in CI outcome, leading to ill-founded recommendations concerning visual language in CI habilitation.

Source: "How does visual language affect crossmodal plasticity and cochlear implant success?" http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149763413002017

Sound and Fury (2002) DVD movie.

Mauldin, Laura. Made to Hear: Cochlear Implants and Raising Deaf Children.

Praderio, Caroline. (2017) "Why some people turned down a 'medical miracle' and decided to stay deaf." https://www.insider.com/why-deaf-people-turn-down-cochlear-implants-2016-12


"Interview with Dr Laura Mauldin." https://disabilityvisibilityproject.com/2016/05/01/interview-with-dr-laura-mauldin-cochlear-implants-and-deaf-children/

"Cochlear Implant", a personal experience by Landon Krentz. English subtitle. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bg8CdFOMTys

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