Negation in Sign Language
Negation used in a sentence indicates a negative sentence. The essence of negation indicates something like it does not happen, will not happen, has not happened, did not happen, is/was/are/were not true, not one's fault and such.
Like spoken languages, negation is found in every signed language. In ASL (American Sign Language), there are a few different ways of forming a negative sentence: not, negative verbs, and negative marker.
A few verbs have their inversed verbs (negative incorporation), such as WANT-NOT, LIKE-NOT, and KNOW-NOT. Note that the term "not" is not signed in these single words. Below are some of the examples.
[L] It is a regular positive verb want in ASL. [R] It is a negative verb, in which the direction of the verb want is almost the opposite.
[L] This is a regular verb know in ASL. [R] This is an inversed (or negative) verb know-not.
The negative marker is used to negate a basic sentence. It may be used as alone in a negative sentence or it may be used with other forms of negation. Below are some or all of the characteristics of the negative marker:
This is the ASL word impossible along with the negative marker. It can also mean "can't be!", "no way!", "impossible!"
The negative marker can be used with some other words, such as "doubt", "refuse", and sometimes "risk".
The use of ASL word not is used in a negative sentence along with the negative marker.
Meaning: "don't have any", "don't own (something)"
Other NOT-types: none, never
Below are some more examples of other not-words along with the negative marker.
feel-none or feel-nothing
Meaning: "can't feel anything", "not notice or realize something"
ASL word: never-hear
Possible meanings: "haven't heard anything about it", "it was never known", "not commonly known", "no such thing as"
ASL word: none or nothing
Meaning: "none", "nothing", "not available"
This Ameslan/ASL word not-yet is a single word in ASL, despite the two-word in English.
Meaning: "not yet", "hasn't happened yet", "not ready yet"
Related posts: Assertion