ASL 101 lesson 3
- Greetings: asking how one is.
- Understand the difference between pronouns and possessives.
- Use a yes/no question signal correctly. SAME/DIFFERENT
- Use a basic constructive structure (grammar).
- Strategies of asking what the sign is: opposite and category
- Introducing people: MAN, WOMAN, BOY, GIRL
- Describing basic feelings: HAPPY, SAD, MAD.
- Doing (basic activities). LIKE / DISLIKE
- Tell when: YESTERDAY, TOMORROW, TODAY
Greeting and asking how one feels
Review: greeting and asking one's name.
Pronouns and possessives
Review the pronouns: YOU, ME, SHE/HE, etc.
Understand the difference of a handshape between pronouns and possessives: YOUR, MY, HIS/HER, etc.
IX1 MY CHAIR.
IX1 HIS/HER PEN.
Same or different
JANE | JANE -- IX IX NAME. SAME NAME.
JANE | JOAN -- IX IX NAME. DIFFERENT NAME.
Develop your receptive skill by recognizing a subtle difference between two signs.
Watch the video (available some time later) and write down whether it's the same or different.
Understand the ASL grammar: constructive structure.
Exercise: practice using constructive structure by doing the following pairs. Start with the left space and then the right space if your signing is dominantly right-handed.
P | K
R | K
How to ask what the ASL sign is: strategies II
Two other basic strategies to ask "what is the sign for [something]" is to ask what the opposite of a sign is and what category is a set of the objects listed.
Watch the videos below and answer yourself. The instructor is signing "[ASL sign] OPPOSITE WHAT?"; then you answer the opposite of an ASL sign provided by the instructor.
Check for translation.
Don't peer for translation.
FIRST NAME - LAST NAME...
To ask what is the sign for a set of the objects in the category. For example:
T: EIGHT, THREE, ONE, FIVE [WHOLE IX] WHAT SIGN? S: NUMBER (review)
T: HOW YOU? GOOD, FINE, SLEEPY, TIRED... WHOLE IX SIGN WHAT? S: FEELING (review)
ASL students are encouraged to ask what the sign for something is without resorting to fingerspelling an English word whenever possible. Use the last three strategies wherever possible.
Introducing people and basic feelings
MAN/\ OPPOSITE WHAT?
GIRL/\ OPPOSITE WHAT?
Vocabulary: MAN, WOMAN, BOY, GIRL
IX-plural WHOLE IX+ PEOPLE.
Vocabulary: SAD, HAPPY, MAD,
IX-plural WHOLE IX+ FEELING
IX1 HAPPY. "She/he is happy."
HAPPY OPPOSITE WHAT? NOT HAPPY.
That is, IX1 NOT HAPPY. "She/he is not happy."
These are simple SVO sentences.
Asking a yes/no question
Raise your eyebrows when asking a yes/no question.
Input: #PAT | #PAN SAME/\ DIFFERENT/\ WHICH?
Exercise: write down a list of about five three-letter words -- some of them with one letter difference. Practice with your signing partner.
Signer A: #PAT | #PAN/\ DIFFERENT SAME WHICH?
Signer B: DIFFERENT
Signer A: (affirm or negate)
IX1 HEARING, IX1/\
#NO, IX1 [neg]NOT HEARING[neg].
What is one doing? Basic activities
Vocabulary: RUNNING, WALKING, SITTING, PLAYING, WORKING, STUDYING..
Expressing likes and dislikes.
IX-me LIKE RUNNING. IX1 NOT LIKE RUNNING.
Tell when: basics
Vocabulary: YESTERDAY, TODAY, TOMORROW
TOMORROW IX1 STUDY. YESTERDAY IX1 WORK. TODAY IX1 [neg]NOT WORK[neg].
Vocabulary: SEE-YOU TOMORROW, SEE-YOU LATER.