Literature and art

"The Star-Spangled Banner": National Anthem in Sign Language

The Star-Spangled Banner is the national anthem in the U.S. While the national anthem in text is frozen in its original language (English), there may be different interpretations of the text in other languages.

Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there.
O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

Some videos below show some examples of the American anthem expressed in ASL.

Terrylene above demonstrates the anthem in her expression.

Kristina Garcia-Santiago, a senior at the Florida School for the Deaf, translated "The Star-Spangled Banner" into American Sign Language in 2011.

The Super Bowl

Every year National Association of the Deaf announces a selection of Deaf American individual to present and perform the anthem at the Super Bowl, an annual playoff championship game of the National Football League.

The ASL performer John Maucere performed his national anthem at the Super Bowl XLVII in 2013.

The Deaf professional actress, Amber Zion, presents her performance at Super Bowl XLVIII at MetLife Stadium in 2014.

Deaf artist Christine Sun Kim performed the national anthem at the Super Bowl LIV in Miami, Florida on February 2, 2020.

Deaf rapper and performer Warren "Wawa" Snipe performed the national anthem at Super Bowl LV in 2021, which wowed the fans.

For the first time in its history in 2022, the Pepsi Super Bowl halftime show featured the ASL artists, where well-known Deaf rappers Warren "Wawa" Snipe and Sean Forbes signed the halftime show. In addition, Deaf actress Sandra Mae Frank performed the National Anthem and America the Beautiful.

The beautiful thing about interpretation is that there is an individual expression -- inner voice and style.

Related posts

Also see: O' Canada in sign language.

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Stories, poems, performance arts, etc. in sign language.

This documentation project follows a child's language acquisition, literacy development, and phonological acquisition in sign language, specifically ASL, from newborn to age five in a natural native-ASL environment and visual culture.