A signer can express adjectives and adverbs in many different ways using a regular word, a classifier, an inflection (movement), a non-manual signal and/or a combination of these.
A descriptive classifier (DCL) can be used to describe or express a shape and size of something.
A classifier is used to represent a noun. Remember that a noun must be mentioned just once before using its classifier that can be used again (like a pronoun) until a noun or object is changed. Because, a classifier handshape is not limited to one noun or object.
For example, the classifier DCL:F (image above) can be used to refer to an object, such as a button, a stain, eye pupils, toy wheels, etc. It can be inflected to describe a different size (e.g. eye pupil) along with mouth morphemes when semantically required.
Here are some examples of how the descriptive classifier or DCL is used to describe the sizes and shapes of an object in ASL (American Sign Language).
The classifiers in these images from the left to the right represent the sizes and shapes of the pole from the thinnest to the thickest. You can do the same for a pipe (but usually change the orientation, depending on the orientation of an object. E.g. horizontal or vertical).
Another example of using the classifier is the small eye pupils. Note the mouth morpheme "OO" which indicates small.
On the other hand, it's large eye pupils.
Modiyfing a movement parameter of the signed word changes the meaning. In this case, the video illustrates the eye pupils that adjust to the light.
New to sign language? "Where do I start?" or "How do I start learning sign language?" This ASL Rookie guide lists some selected links to the tutorials for ASL beginners to get started and keep rolling. It may be a useful review for intermediate-level learners and ASL students as well.
Some tutorial pages are a mix of free and premium versions. Access to premium content and links below are available in the PatronPlus subscription. More links/posts will be added from time to time.
Are you able to carry everyday conversations in ASL? Are you a student in the intermediate levels and beyond, who wishes to boost up your signing skills? You've come to the selected tutorial series. (Some premium content are available to PatronPlus membership.)
Stories, poems, performance arts, etc. in sign language.
This documentation project follows a child's language acquisition, literacy development, and phonological acquisition in sign language, specifically ASL, from newborn to age five in a natural native-ASL environment and visual culture.